Are you having a difficult time removing those yellow particles which are stuck on your teeth surface ? You’ve come to the right place. At Addis Ababa dental clinic, we clean thoroughly and remove dental plaque and tartar from your teeth. Regular teeth cleaning treatment helps you keep a healthy dental hygiene and prevents you from oral infections like tooth decay.
Dental Plaque Cleaning and Scaling in Addis Ababa
Healthy teeth and gums require regular removal of dental plaque and calculus/tartar. Dental Plaque is a sticky and almost invisible film that forms on your teeth surface. Plaque is formed by a colony of living bacteria and food debris that stick on the teeth surface.
The bacteria produces toxins (acids), which can lead to gum disease and inflammation. Tartar or calculus refers to hardened plaque that has been left on the teeth for a while and is now strongly attached to the tooth’s surface.
Calculus can form above or below the gum line, and it is only possible to remove it with special dental tools. Calculus can also cause and worsen dental inflammation, swelling, and gum bleeding if left untreated.
How do dental plaque and tartar form
Poor oral hygiene and brushing techniques can lead to plaque accumulation on the enamel (hard surfaces) of teeth. Plaque can also be found between the teeth and in between the gums and the teeth.
Dental plaque can lead to poor oral health and tartar or calculus formation if it is not removed. In the end, the accumulation of plaque or tartar/calculus leads to gum disease.
The bacteria that lives in plaque feeds on sugar from foods you eat. Acid is formed over time which corrodes tooth enamel, causing cavities, holes, and decay.
Signs of poor dental hygiene that may lead to plaque and tartar formation
- Bad breath that persists
- Discolored or yellow deposits on the teeth
- Tooth become loose
- Brushing your teeth can cause bleeding gums
- Red, Painful,or swollen gums
- Gaps between teeth that weren’t there before
A constant accumulation of plaque can lead to the formation of Tartar/ Calculus, which is hardened plaque. These deposits are visible on teeth as hard yellow and brown mineral deposits.
Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, can develop if plaque or tartar begins to build up below the gum line.
Gingivitis is characterized by inflamed gums, bleeding gums during flossing or brushing teeth. Gum disease can worsen and evolve in a more grave form known as periodontitis if it isn’t treated by a registered dentist hygienist.
This is usually only a problem in people with highly poor oral hygiene. However, regular visits to a certified dentist near you in Addis Ababa can prevent it from happening.
When the bacteria from plaque and tartar keep irritating gums, that causes the gums to become more inflamed and separate from the teeth. This leads to periodontal pockets.
These pockets allow bacteria and tartar to spread beneath the gum line, which can cause further inflammation and damage to the tissues that support the teeth. The teeth eventually fall out when the supporting bone has been lost.
Gum disease symptoms
- Puffy or swollen gums
- Gums tenderness when touched
- Easy gum bleeding
- Brushing or flossing your teeth cause bleeding
- Purplish, Bright red or dusky gums
- Persistent Bad breath
- Pus between your gums and teeth
- You may notice new spaces between your teeth
- Loss of teeth or loose teeth
- Chewing becomes painful
- Gum detaches from your teeth, making your teeth appear longer than usual.
- Changes in how your teeth fit together when it comes to biting.
Treatments of plaque
Teeth scaling and Root planing
Deep dental cleaning is often referred to by root planing and scaling. Deep dental cleaning is for patients with gum disease or periodontal problems. It provides a deeper cleaning than regular dental cleaning.
Deep dental cleaning is used to remove plaque and tartar located on, in between and under your teeth. This helps reduce gum inflammation and improve gum health.
Keeping a proper oral hygiene
Dental hygiene is the practice of maintaining a healthy mouth and teeth. Good oral hygiene can be maintained by using the right brushing and flossing technique.
You can also use interdental brushes, rinse with saline or antibacterial mouthwash, and visit an accredited dental hygienist near you two to three times a year.
To ensure optimal teeth hygiene, you should have your teeth professionally cleaned. Plaque removal can be achieved with a good dental (or oral) hygiene program.